Corns are calluses that form on the toes because of bones that push up against shoes and build up pressure on the skin. The surface layer of the skin thickens, irritating the tissues underneath. Hard corns are usually located on the top of the toe or on the side of the small toe. Soft corns resemble open sores and develop between the toes as they rub against each other.
Improperly fitting shoes are a leading cause of corns. Toe deformities, such as hammertoe or claw toe, also can lead to corns. In some situations especially with diabetes, corns can become deep and form open sores and result in an infection. If there is any discoloration of a corn or a callus, you should be evaluated by our doctors to make sure you are not developing a sore, ulcer or an infection.
Self-care for corns includes soaking feet regularly and using a pumice stone or callus file to reduce the size of the corn. Special over-the-counter, non-medicated, donut-shaped foam pads can be worn to help relieve the pressure and discomfort. For large or persistent corns, if you are diabetic or have toe deformities, please contact our office and set an appointment to evaluate the cause of your problem and recommend the best solution so that you can do your normal activity without pain or possibility of complications.